Slavery had been used for thousands of years prior to the use of african slaves in colonial america although the english later used racism to justify the enslavement of africans, the main reason slaves became the main labor force was because slaves were a better financial option than indentured servants. Indentured servants first arrived in america in the decade following the settlement of jamestown by the virginia company in 1607 the idea of indentured servitude was born of a need for cheap labor. Explain how and why tobacco planters in the chesapeake region came to rely on african slaves rather than european indentured servants over the course of the seventeenth century at what point did the chesapeake become a slave society rather than merely a society with slaves.
From indentured servitude to racial slavery we sometimes imagine that such oppressive laws were put quickly into full force by greedy landowners but that's not the way slavery was established in. Some probably had the status of indentured servants, as indentured servitude was the form of non-free labor most often used by the english of this period (botsch 1994, 10) over a period of fifty years or more, the africans in virginia slowly lost this status and move from temporary servitude to servitude for life slavery (botsch 1994, 10. Small planters, themselves tobacco farmers and, in many cases, slave owners, had the same interests in maintaining their labor force as the large planters the “old dominion” had transformed from a society with slaves to a slave society.
Advertisement: this philadelphia newspaper advertises the sale of an indentured servant’s labor, followed below by advertisements for various slaves this illustrates the difference between indentured servitude (in which a person’s labor is owned) vs slavery (in which a person is owned. Indentured servants did the manual plantation labor to earn money and incentives for a new life in the colonies and wanted to escape europe they had incentives and actually earned little wages unlike slaves. Slavery in america in the late 17th century, was the direct result of a labor shortage in the english colonies colonists continually tried to allure laborers to the colony and chiefly relied on indentured servitude. (eventually the high cost of indentures lead the planters to substitute slavery for indentured labor) highly skilled and/or educated workers were able to secure shorter indentures (generally 20% shorter), although the rate varied with the occupation and situation.
Why did many planters prefer slaves over other sources of labor plenty of land and drive to use it to bolster claims, shortage of indentured servants, no sure way to enslave indians with decreasing population, growing demand for commodity crops, once you owned a slave you could work them and their children as long as they lived. Why did slavery become more popular than the use of indentured servants because they were slaves for life indentured servants were often fed, given land, and freed after 5-7 years of being servants. Therefore, the student is able to: explain why so many european indentured servants risked the hardships of bound labor overseas standard 3: how the values and institutions of european economic life took root in the colonies, and how slavery reshaped european and african life in the americas.
Generally, these laws concerning indentured servants and slaves did not differentiate between the sexes some, however, addressed only women regardless of their country of origin, many early immigrants were indentured servants, people who sold their labor in exchange for passage to the new world and housing on their arrival. The big disappointment the economic consequences of the abolition of slavery in the caribbean, 1833-1888, an article on the history of slavery by pieter c emmer, university of leiden skip main navigation. Indentured servants - indentured servants indentured servitude was the institutional arrangement devised to increase labor mobility from europe (particularly england) to america, and it was the labor system that preceded american slavery. Virginia planters expanded their plantations to thousands of acres by 1670& slaves were a cost effective way to get the work done the economy and population would not be as strong as it is today.
Indentured servants in colonial virginia this led to a loss of the servants' labor, for which the law attempted to provide compensation to the master forcing planters to rely more heavily on slaves slavery did not end indentured servitude, in other words the end of servitude gave rise to slavery the historian john c coombs has. The english colonies in north america did not practice slavery before the 1660s initially indentured servants supplied the labor needs of planters to grow the lucrative crops of tobacco.
The slaves did receive one positive from the barbados slave code: the ability to have a change a clothing once a year the planters, on the other hand, were provided with many new ways to keep their slaves in line. This book gives an excellent overview on the use of indentured labor and how its practices led to the establishment of slavery references to the servant trade from this book last edited by nightbird47 11-13-2014 at 04:15 pm. Why did slave labor become so important in tobacco and sugar producing colonies why couldn’t the colonists use indentured servants for these tasks one of the problems with indentured servitude concerned the fact that those who escaped could easily mingle with the white population. On indentured servants and slaves to meet their labor needs throughout the 17th century, planters made use primarily of indentured servants from england and (in the case of carolina) enslaved native americans since their cost.